David Troilo, PhD

Professor
Biological and Vision Sciences
Vice President and Dean for Academic Affairs
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Troilo+D

Bio

David Troilo joined the SUNY College of Optometry in July, 2008 as Professor, Dean and Vice President for Academic Affairs. Prior to that he was Professor of Biological Science and Director of Graduate Studies at The New England College of Optometry.

As the chief academic officer at SUNY Optometry, Dr. Troilo oversees the professional degree program in optometry, and the graduate degree programs (PhD and MS) in vision science. His other areas of responsibility include faculty development, residency programs, library services, and continuing professional education.

Dr. Troilo has made development of innovative educational programs, faculty development, and growth of research at the college institutional priorities. Working with key faculty leaders, he has facilitated the creation of an integrated clinically focused curriculum, student advising and assistance programs, accelerated learning and micro-credential programs, and the development of collaborative, translational, and clinical research initiatives. Working with the University Eye Center, the college’s clinical institution, Dr. Troilo helped create the college’s Clinical Vision Research Center in 2013.

Education

  • PhD, Biology, City University of New York, 1989

Residency/Other Post Graduate Training

  • Research Fellow - Cornell University - Cornell University, 1995
  • Research Associate - Oxford University - Oxford University, 1993

Awards/Honors

  • Fellow of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2010
  • Fellow of the American Academy of Optometry (FAAO), 2009
  • Medical Research Council (MRC) Postdoctoral Research Fellowship, 1989
  • ARVO NEI/Welcome Travel Fellowship, 1988
  • NIMH-National Research Service Award, 1988

Professional Experience

  • Professor, State University of New York College of Optometry, 2008 - Present
  • Vice President and Dean for Academic Affairs, State University of New York College of Optometry, 2008 - Present
  • Professor, The New England College of Optometry, 2003 - 2008
  • Director of Graduate Studies, The New England College of Optometry, 2002 - 2008
  • Affiliated Scientist, Harvard Medical School, 1995 - 2005
  • Associate Professor, The New England College of Optometry, 1998 - 2003

Teaching Interests

-Embryology and Development of the Eye

-Myopia Development and Control

-Systems Physiology

-Histology

Research Interests

My principal research interest is the development of the eye and the visual control of postnatal eye growth and refractive state. My research developed and uses experimental models to study the characteristics and mechanisms of the visual regulation of eye growth and development of refractive errors such as myopia (nearsightedness) and hyperopia (farsightedness). As an application of this work I am interested in what causes myopia to develop and progress in children, and the development of effective clinical treatments to slow myopia progression. I work closely with the college’s Graduate Center for Vision Research and the Clinical Vision Research Center on clinical research for myopia control. We are currently studying the retinal response to defocus signals. We have begun studies of gene expression in response to myopic or hyperopic defocus using RNA-seq with single cell resolution.

Publications

  • Short Interruptions of Imposed Hyperopic Defocus Earlier in Treatment are More Effective at Preventing Myopia Development, Nature Scientific Reports , 9(1): 11459, Array
  • IMI - Myopia Control Reports Overview and Introduction., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 60(3): M1-M19, 2019
  • IMI - Report on Experimental Models of Emmetropization and Myopia., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 60(3): M31-M88, 2019
  • Gene expression in response to optical defocus of opposite signs reveals bidirectional mechanism of visually guided eye growth, PLOS Biology, 16(10): e2006021, 2018
  • Accommodation and Phoria in Children Wearing Multifocal Contact Lenses., Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry, 94(3): 353-360, 2017
  • AAV-mediated transduction and targeting of retinal bipolar cells with improved mGluR6 promoters in rodents and primates., Gene therapy, 23(8-9): 680-9, 2016
  • The case for lens treatments in the control of myopia progression, Optometry and Vision Science, 93(9): 1045-48, 2016
  • Axial eye growth and refractive error development can be modified by exposing the peripheral retina to relative myopic or hyperopic defocus., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(10): 6765-73, 2014
  • In memoriam: Josh Wallman, PhD, 1943-2012: editorial introducing the special issue of Experimental Eye Research in tribute to Josh Wallman., Experimental eye research, 114(Array): 1-5, 2013
  • Eyes in various species can shorten to compensate for myopic defocus., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 54(4): 2634-44, 2013
  • Eyes in various species can shorten to compensate for myopic defocus, Investigative Ophthalmology and Vision Science, 54(4): 2634-2644, 2013
  • The effect of simultaneous negative and positive defocus on eye growth and development of refractive state in marmosets., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 53(10): 6479-87, 2012
  • Foveal cone density shows a rapid postnatal maturation in the marmoset monkey., Visual neuroscience, 28(6): 473-84, 2011
  • Ocular wavefront aberrations in the common marmoset Callithrix jacchus: effects of age and refractive error., Vision research, 50(23): 2515-29, 2010
  • Evaluation of AAV-mediated expression of Chop2-GFP in the marmoset retina., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 51(10): 5288-96, 2010
  • Expression of synaptic and phototransduction markers during photoreceptor development in the marmoset monkey Callithrix jacchus., The Journal of comparative neurology, 512(2): 218-31, 2009
  • Imposed anisometropia, accommodation, and regulation of refractive state., Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry, 86(1): E31-9, 2009
  • Microarray analysis of choroid/RPE gene expression in marmoset eyes undergoing changes in ocular growth and refraction., Molecular vision, 14(Array): 1465-79, 2008
  • Accommodation and induced myopia in marmosets., Vision research, 47(9): 1228-44, 2007
  • Characteristics of accommodative behavior during sustained reading in emmetropes and myopes., Vision research, 46(16): 2581-92, 2006
  • Development of the neural retina and its vasculature in the marmoset Callithrix jacchus., The Journal of comparative neurology, 497(2): 270-86, 2006
  • Change in the synthesis rates of ocular retinoic acid and scleral glycosaminoglycan during experimentally altered eye growth in marmosets., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 47(5): 1768-77, 2006
  • The response to visual form deprivation differs with age in marmosets., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 46(6): 1873-81, 2005
  • Temporal integration characteristics of the axial and choroidal responses to myopic defocus induced by prior form deprivation versus positive spectacle lens wear in chickens., Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry, 82(4): 318-27, 2005
  • Susceptibility to form-deprivation myopia in chicks is not altered by an early experience of axial myopia., Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry, 81(2): 119-26, 2004
  • Double-pass measurement of retinal image quality in the chicken eye., Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry, 80(1): 50-7, 2003
  • Diurnal rhythms in intraocular pressure, axial length, and choroidal thickness in a primate model of eye growth, the common marmoset., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 43(8): 2519-28, 2002
  • Endogenous rhythms in axial length and choroidal thickness in chicks: implications for ocular growth regulation., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 42(3): 584-8, 2001
  • Decreased proteoglycan synthesis associated with form deprivation myopia in mature primate eyes., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 41(8): 2050-8, 2000
  • Form deprivation myopia in mature common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus)., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 41(8): 2043-9, 2000
  • Choroidal thickness changes during altered eye growth and refractive state in a primate., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 41(6): 1249-58, 2000
  • Diurnal illumination patterns affect the development of the chick eye., Vision research, 40(18): 2387-93, 2000
  • [Current role of thrombendarterectomy in chronic peripheral obstructive arteriopathy]., Minerva cardioangiologica, 45(11): 547-52, 1997
  • Factors controlling the dendritic arborization of retinal ganglion cells., Visual neuroscience, 13(4): 721-33, 1996
  • Functional architecture of area 17 in normal and monocularly deprived marmosets (Callithrix jacchus)., Visual neuroscience, 13(1): 145-60, 1996
  • The mechanism of lenticular accommodation in chicks., Vision research, 35(11): 1525-40, 1995
  • Constant light produces severe corneal flattening and hyperopia in chickens., Vision research, 35(9): 1203-9, 1995
  • Differences in eye growth and the response to visual deprivation in different strains of chicken., Vision research, 35(9): 1211-6, 1995
  • The mechanism of corneal accommodation in chicks., Vision research, 34(12): 1549-66, 1994
  • Ocular development and visual deprivation myopia in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)., Vision research, 33(10): 1311-24, 1993
  • Visual optics and retinal cone topography in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)., Vision research, 33(10): 1301-10, 1993
  • Synchrotron X-ray diffraction and histochemical studies of normal and myopic chick eyes., Tissue & cell, 25(1): 73-85, 1993
  • [Compression of the sigmoid of gynecological origin]., Minerva chirurgica, 47(21-22): 1737-40, 1992
  • Neonatal eye growth and emmetropisation--a literature review., Eye (London, England), 6 ( Pt 2)(Array): 154-60, 1992
  • The regulation of eye growth and refractive state: an experimental study of emmetropization., Vision research, 31(7-8): 1237-50, 1991
  • Developing eyes that lack accommodation grow to compensate for imposed defocus., Visual neuroscience, 4(2): 177-83, 1990
  • Experimental studies of emmetropization in the chick., Ciba Foundation symposium, 155(Array): 89-102; discussion 102-14, 1990
  • Visual deprivation causes myopia in chicks with optic nerve section., Current eye research, 6(8): 993-9, 1987
  • Changes in corneal curvature during accommodation in chicks., Vision research, 27(2): 241-7, 1987
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